Colonialism and Indigenous Australians

Bailkin, Jordanna. “Making Faces: Tattooed Women and Colonial Regimes.” History Workshop Journal no. 59 (2005): 33-56.

Bartlett, Francesca. “Clean, White Girls: Assimilation and Women’s Work.” Hecate 25, no. 1 (1999): 10-38.

Behrendt, Larissa. “Aboriginal Women and the White Lies of the Feminist Movement: Implications for Aboriginal Women in Rights Discourse.” Australian Feminist Law Journal 1, no. 1 (1993): 27-44.

Behrendt, Larissa. “Consent in a (neo)colonial society: Aboriginal women as sexual and legal ‘other’,” Australian Feminist Studies 15, no. 33 (2000): 353-367.

Bell, Dianne. Daughters of the Dreaming. Melbourne: McPhee Gribble, 1983.

Bishop, Catherine. Too Much Cabbage and Jesus Christ: Australia’s ‘Mission Girl’ Annie Lock. Adelaide: Wakefield Press, 2021.

Blue, Ethan. “Seeing Ms. Dhu: inquest, conquest, and (in)visibility in black women’s deaths in custody,” Settler Colonial Studies 7, no. 3 (2017): 299-320.

Carey, Hilary M. “Subordination, Invisibility and Chosen Work: Missionary Nuns and Australian Aborigines, c.1900–1949.” Australian Feminist Studies 13, no. 28 (October 1, 1998): 251–67.

Choo, Christine. “Aboriginal Women’s Lives: Implications for Australian Historiography.” In Sexuality and Gender in History: Selected Essays, edited by Penelope Hetherington and Philippa Maddern, 78-94. Pertha: Optima Press, 1993.

Cole, Anna, Victoria Haskins, and Fiona Paisley, eds. Uncommon Ground: White Women in Aboriginal History. Canberra: Aboriginal Studies Press, 2005.

Cole, Anna, Victoria Katharine Haskins, and Fiona Paisley. Uncommon Ground: White Women in Aboriginal History. New ed. Canberra: Aboriginal Studies Press for the Australian Institue of Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Studies, 2005.

Cole, Anna. “Taking Female Subordination for Granted: Aboriginal Women’s Labour and the Concept of Underemployment.” In Sexuality and Gender in History: Selected Essays, edited by Penelope Hetherington and Philippa Maddern, 63-77. Pertha: Optima Press, 1993.

Coleman, J. “the ‘inferior’ sex in the dominant race: feminist subversions or imperial apologies?.” Feminist Review 102 (2012): 62-78.

Connors, Libby. “Uncovering the shameful: Sexual violence on an Australian colonial frontier.” Legacies of Violence: Rendering the Unspeakable Past in Modern Australia, edited by Robert Mason. New York: Berghan Books, 2017.

Conor, Liz. “‘Strangely Clad’: Enclosure, Exposure, and the Cleavage of Empire.” Journal of Australian Studies 35, no. 2 (June 1, 2011): 185–200.

Conor, Liz. Skin Deep: Settler Impressions of Aboriginal Women. Crawley: UWA Press, 2016.

Conor, Liz. “The ‘Lubra’ Type in Australian Imaginings of the Aboriginal Woman from 1836–1973.” Gender & History 25, no. 2 (2013): 230-51.

Crawford, Patricia. “‘Civic Fathers’ and Children: Continuities from Elizabethan England to the Australian Colonies.” History Australia 5, no. 1 (2008): 4.1-4.16.

Cruickshank, Joanna, and Patricia Grimshaw. “‘I Had Gone to Teach but Stayed to Learn’: Geraldine MacKenzie at Aurukun Mission, 1925–1965.” Journal of Australian Studies 39, no. 1 (January 2, 2015): 54–65.

Cruickshank, Joanna and Patricia Grimshaw. White Women, Aboriginal Missions and Australian Settler Governments. Leiden: Brill, 2019.

Curthoys, Ann. “Identity Crisis: Colonialism, Nation, and Gender in Australian History.” Gender & Hislory 15, no. 2 (1993): 165-76.

Dalziell, Tanya. “‘We Should Try, While There Is yet Time, to Gather All the Information Possible of a Race Fast Dying out’: Unsettling Sympathetic Women.” Australian Feminist Studies 17, no. 39 (November 1, 2002): 325–42.

Deacon, Destiny. “Koori Women: Racism and Politics.” Australia for Women: Travel and Culture, edited by Susan Hawthorne and Renate Klein, 99-101. Melbourne: Spinifex Press, 1994.

Eatock, Pat. “There’s a Snake in My caravan.” Different Lives, edited by Jocelynne Scutt, 22-31. Melbourne: Penguin 1987.

Edwards, Bill. “Women at Ebenezer and Ernabella Missions: A Personal Perspective.” Journal of Australian Studies 39, no. 1 (January 2, 2015): 92–103.

Elder, Catriona. “‘It Was Hard for Us to Marry Aboriginal’: Some Meanings of Singleness for Aboriginal Women in Australia in the 1930s.” Lilith: A Feminist History Journal, no. 8 (1993): 114-38.

Ellinghaus, Katherine. “Absorbing the Aboriginal Problem: Controlling interracial marriage in Australia in the last 19th and early 20th century.” Aboriginal History 27 (2003): 183-207.

Ellinghaus, Katherine. Taking Assimilation to Heart: Marriages of White Women and Indigenous Men in the United States and Australia, 1887-1937. Lincoln: University of Nebraska Press, 2009.

Froehlich, Susanne. “Unwritten History: Louise Flierl’s Everyday Life on Mission Stations in Australia and New Guinea.” Journal of Australian Studies 39, no. 1 (January 2, 2015): 79–91.

Ganter, Regina. “Helpers—Sisters—Wives: White Women on Australian Missions.” Journal of Australian Studies 39, no. 1 (January 2, 2015): 7–19.

Grant, Elizabeth. “The Incarceration of Australian Aboriginal Women and Children.” In Silent System: Forgotten Australians and the Institutionalisation of Women and Children, edited by Paul Ashton and Jacqueline Z. Wilson, 43-58. North Melbourne: Australian Scholarly Publishing, 2014.

Grimshaw, Patricia, and Elizabeth Nelson. “Empire, ‘the Civilising Mission’ and Indigenous Christian Women in Colonial Victoria.” Australian Feminist Studies 16, no. 36 (November 1, 2001): 295–309.

Grimshaw, Patricia, and Julie Evans. “Colonial Women on Intercultural Frontiers: Rosa Campbell Praed, Mary Bundock and Katie Langloh Parker.” Australian Historical Studies 27, no. 106 (1996): 79-95.

Grimshaw, Patricia. ‘Colonising Motherhood: Evangelical Social Reformers and Koorie Women in Victoria, Australia, 1880s to the Early 1900s.’ Women’s History Review 8, no. 2 (1999): 329–49.

Grimshaw, Patricia. “Gender, Citizenship and Race in the Woman’s Christian Temperance Union of Australia, 1890 to the 1930s.” Australian Feminist Studies 13, no. 28 (October 1, 1998): 199–214.

Grimshaw, Patricia. “Rethinking Approaches to Women in Missions: The Case of Colonial Australia.” History Australia 8, no. 3 (2011): 7-24.

Harris, Amanda. “Chaperoned into Arnhem Land: Margaret Mcarthur and the Politics of Nutrition and Fieldwork in 1948.” Lilith: A Feminist History Journal, no. 20 (2014): 62-75.

Harris, Amanda. “Pan-Indigenous Encounter in the 1950s: ‘Ethnic Dancer’ Beth Dean.” Australian Historical Studies 48, no. 3 (July 3, 2017): 328–45.

Haskins, Victoria. ‘Beyond Complicity: Questions and Issues for White Women in Aboriginal History.’ Australian Humanities Review no. 39/40 (2006).

Haskins, Victoria. “‘& So We Are” Slave Owners”!’: Employers and the NSW Aborigines Protection Board Trust Funds.” Labour History (2005): 147-64.

Haskins, Victoria. “‘A better chance’? Sexual Abuse and the apprenticeship of Aboriginal girls under the NSW Aborigines Protection Board.” Aboriginal History 28 (2004): 33-58.

Haskins, Victoria. “‘Down in the Gully and Just Outside the Garden Walk’: White Women and the Sexual Abuse of Aboriginal Women on a Colonial Australian Frontier.” History Australia 10, no. 1 (2013): 11-34.

Haskins, Victoria. “‘Lovable Natives’ and ‘Tribal Sisters’: Feminism, Maternalism, and the Campaign for Aboriginal Citizenship in New South Wales in the Late 1930s.” Hecate 24, no. 2 (1998): 8.

Haskins, Victoria. “On the Doorstep: Aboriginal Domestic Service as a ‘Contact Zone.’” Australian Feminist Studies 16, no. 34 (March 1, 2001): 13–25.

Haskins, Victoria. “The Chaplain’s Wife and the Native Girl: Re-envisaging a Cross-cultural Female Relationship in the Contact Zone.” Australian Feminist Studies 27, no. 73 (September 1, 2012): 259–68.

Hillel, Shurlee Swain & Margot. Child, Nation, Race and Empire: Child Rescue Discourse, England, Canada and Australia, 1850-1915.  Manchester: Manchester University Press, 2010.

Holland, Alison. “Feminism, Colonialism and Aboriginal Workers: An Anti-Slavery Crusade.” Labour History, no. 69 (1995): 52-64.

Holland, Alison. “The Campaign for Women Protectors: Gender, Race and Frontier Between the Wars.” Australian Feminist Studies16, no. 34 (March 1, 2001): 27–42.

Holland, Alison. “Wielding Her Pen Like a Sword: Mary Bennett’s War against the Australian State.” Lilith: A Feminist History Journal, no. 22 (2016): 37-51.

Horton, Jessica. “The Case of Elsie Barrett: Aboriginal Women, Sexuality and the Victorian Board for the Protection of Aborigines.” Journal of Australian Studies 34, no. 1 (March 1, 2010): 1–18.

Huggins, Jackie, and Kay Saunders. “Defying the Ethnographic Ventriloquists: Race, Gender, and the Legacies of Colonialism.” Lilith: A Feminist History Journal, no. 8 (1993): 60-70.

Huggins, Jackie, and Thom Blake. “Protection or Persecution? Gender Relations in the Era of Racial Segregation.” In Gender Relations in Australia: Domination and Negotiation, edited by Kay Saunders and Raymond Evans, 42-58. Marrickville: Harcourt Brace Jovanovich Group, 1992.

Huggins, Jackie, Rita Huggins and Jane M. Jacobs. “Kooramindanjie: Place And The Postcolonial.” History Workshop Journal 39 (1995): 164-181.

Ireland, Haidee. “The Case of Agnes Jones: Tracing Aboriginal Presence in Sydney through Criminal Justice Records.” History Australia 10, no. 3 (2013): 236-51.

Jacobs, Margaret D. “Maternal Colonialism: White Women and Indigenous Child Removal in the American West and Australia, 1880-1940.” The Western Historical Quarterly 36, no. 4 (2005): 453-76.

Jebb, Mary Anne. “The Lock Hospitals Experiment: Europeans, Aborigines and Venereal Disease.” Studies in Western Australian History, no. 8 (1984): 68-87.

Jensz, Felicity. “Everywhere at Home, Everywhere a Stranger: The Communities of the Moravian Missionary Mary (Polly) Hartmann.” Journal of Australian Studies 39, no. 1 (January 2, 2015): 20–31.

Johnson, Miranda. ‘Chiefly Women: Queen Victoria, Meri Mangakahia, and the Māori Parliament.’ In Mistress of Everything: Queen Victoria in Indigenous Worlds, edited by Sarah Carter and Maria Nugent, 228–45. Manchester: Manchester University Press, 2016.

Konishi, Shino. “The Four Fathers of Australia: Baz Luhrmann’s Depiction of Aboriginal History and Paternity in the Northern Territory.” History Australia 8, no. 1 (2011): 23-41.

Lake, Marilyn. “Childbearers as Rights-Bearers: Feminist Discourse on the Rights of Aboriginal and Non-Aboriginal Mothers in Australia, 1920–50 “. Women’s History Review 8, no. 2 (1999): 347-63.

Lake, Marilyn. “Frontier Feminism and the Marauding White Man.” Journal of Australian Studies 20, no. 49 (January 1, 1996): 12–20.

Lake, Marilyn. “Frontier Freminism and the Marauding White Man.” Journal of Australian Studies 20, no. 49 (1996): 12-20

Lake, Marilyn. “Mrs Terente Cooke Makes History: Australian Feminism’s Shifting Attitudes to the Question of ‘Race’.” Victorian Historical Journal 79, no. 2 (2008): 365-79.

Lake, Marilyn. “The Ambiguities for Feminists of National Belonging: Race and Gender in the Imagined Australian Community.” In Gendered Nations: Nationalisms and Gender Order in the Long Nineteenth Century, edited by Karen Hageman and Catherine Hall Ida Blom, 159-78. Oxford; New York: Berg, 2000.

Lake, Marilyn. “White Man’s Country: The Trans‐National History of a National Project.” Australian Historical Studies 34, no. 122 (2003): 346-63.

Massam, Katharine. A Bridge Between: Spanish Benedictine Missionary Women in Australia. Canberra: ANU Press, 2020.

Maynard, Margaret. “Staging Masculinity: Late Nineteenth Century Photographs of Indigenous Men.” Journal of Australian Studies 24, no. 66 (January 1, 2000): 129–37.

McGrath, Ann, and Winona Stevenson. “Gender, Race, and Policy: Aboriginal Women and the State in Canada and Australia.” Labour History, no. 71 (1996): 37-53.

McGrath, Ann. “’Black Velvet’: Aboriginal Women and Their Relations with White Men in the Nortern Territory, 1910-40.” In So Much Hard Work: Women and Prostitution in Australian History, edited by Kay Daniels, 233-97. Sydney: Fontana Books, 1984.

McGrath, Ann. “‘Beneath the Skin’: Australian Citizenship, Rights and Aboriginal Women.” Journal of Australian Studies 17, no. 37 (June 1, 1993): 99–114.

McGrath, Ann. Illicit Love: Interracial Sex and Marriage in the United States and Australia. Lincoln, Nebraska: University of Nebraska Press, 2015.

McGrath, Ann. “The White Man’s Looking Glass: Aboriginal-Colonial Gender Relations at Port Jackson.” In Pastiche I: Reflections on Nineteenth-Century Australia, edited by Penny Russell and Richard White, 27-46. St Leonards: Allen & Unwin, 1994.

McGrath, Ann, and Winona Stevenson. “Gender, Race, and Policy: Aboriginal Women and the State in Canada and Australia.” Labour History, no. 71 (1996): 37-53.

McLisky, Claire. “(En)gendering Faith? Love, Marriage and the Evangelical Mission on the Settler Colonial Frontier.” In Studies in Settler Colonialism: Politics, Identity and Culture, edited by Fiona Bateman and Lionel Pilkington, 106-121. Basingstoke: Palgrave Macmillan, 2011.

McLisky, Claire. “From Missionary Wife to Superintendent: Janet Matthews on Three Independent Murray River Missions.” Journal of Australian Studies 39, no. 1 (January 2, 2015): 32–43.

McNiven, Ian, Lynette Russell and Kay Schaffer, (eds). Constructions of Colonialism: Perspectives on Eliza Fraser’s shipwreck. Leicester: Leicester University Press, 1998.

Moreton-Robinson, Aileen. Talkin’ up to the White Woman: Aboriginal Women and Feminism.  St Lucia: University of Queensland Press, 2000.

Morris, John. “The Japanese and the Aborigines: An Overview of the Efforts to Stop the Prostitution of Coastal and Island Women.” Journal of Northern Territory History, no. 21 (2010): 15-36.

Nugent, Maria. “‘The Queen Gave Us the Land’: Aboriginal People, Queen Victoria and Historical Remembrance.” History Australia 9, no. 2 (2012): 182-200.

Paisley, Fiona. “‘Don’t Tell England!’: Women of Empire Campaign to Change Aboriginal Policy in Australia between the Wars.” Lilith: A Feminist History Journal, no. 8 (1993): 139-52.

Paisley, Fiona. “No Back Streets in the Bush: 1920s and 1930s Pro‐aboriginal White Women’s Activism and the Trans‐Australia Railway.” Australian Feminist Studies12, no. 25 (April 1, 1997): 119–37.

Paisley, Fiona. “White Women in the Field: Feminism, Cultural Relativism and Aboriginal Rights, 1920–1937.” Journal of Australian Studies 21, no. 52 (January 1, 1997): 113–25.

Parry, Naomi. “‘Such a Longing’: Black and White Children in Welfare in New South Wales and Tasmania, 1880-1940.” PhD thesis, University of New South Wales, 2007.

Pettman, Jan. “Gendered Knowledges: Aboriginal Women and the Politics of Feminism.” Journal of Australian Studies 16, no. 35 (December 1, 1992): 120–31.

Rademaker, Laura. “‘I Had More Children Than Most People’: Single Women’s Missionary Maternalism in Arnhem Land, 1908-1945.” Lilith: A Feminist History Journal, no. 17/18 (2012): 7-21.

Rademaker, Laura. “Missions and Aboriginal Difference: Judith Stokes and Australian Missionary Linguistics.” Journal of Australian Studies 39, no. 1 (January 2, 2015): 66–78.

Reed, Liz. “’Mrs Bon’s Verandah Full of Aboriginals’: Race, Class, Gender and Friendship.” History Australia 2, no. 2 (2005): 39.1-39.15.

Riddett, Lyn A. “‘Be Aboriginal’: Settler Women Artists Inspired by Aboriginal Artists.” Northern Perspective 19, no. 1 (1996): 51-60.

Riseman, Noah. “Elite Indigenous Masculinity in Textual Representations of Aboriginal Service in the Vietnam War.” Journal of Australian Studies 40, no. 1 (January 2, 2016): 32–44.

Robert, Hannah. “Disciplining the Female Aboriginal Body: Inter-Racial Sex and the Pretence of Separation.” Australian Feminist Studies 16, no. 34 (2001): 69-81.

Robinson, Shirleene. “Race and Reformation: Treatment of Children in Nineteenth and Early Twentieth Century Australia.” In Crime over Time: Temporal Perspectives on Crime and Punishment in Australia, edited by Robyn Lincoln and Shirleene Robinson, 61-81. Newcastle upon Tyne: Cambridge Scholars, 2010.

Robinson, Shirleene. “Regulating the Race: Aboriginal Children in Private European Homes in Colonial Australia.” Journal of Australian Studies 37, no. 3 (September 1, 2013): 302–15.

Russell, Lynette. “‘Dirty Domestics and Worse Cooks’: Aboriginal Women’s Agency and Domestic Frontiers, Southern Australia 1800–1850.” Frontiers: an Interdisciplinary Journal of Women’s Studies 28, no. 1/2 (2007): 18-47 .

Russell, Lynette. “Kangaroo Island Sealers and their descendants: ethnic and gender ambiguities in the archaeology of a creolised community.” Australian Archaeology 60 (2005): 1-5.

Russell, Lynette. “Public Records Private Life: The Story of One Aboriginal Woman and Her Journey From Non-Citizen To Citizen.” Australian Women in University’s ejournal, 2003.

Russell, Lynette. Roving Mariners: Aboriginal Whaler and Sealers, in the southern oceans 1790-1870, SUNY Press, New York. 2012.

Russell, Lynette. Savage Imaginings: historical and contemporary representations of Australian Aboriginalities. Melbourne: Australian Scholarly Publications. 2001.

Russell, Penny. ‘A Wish of Distinction’: Colonial Gentility and Femininity.  Carlton: Melbourne University Press, 1994.

Russell, Penny. “Gender and Colonial Society.” In The Cambridge History of Australia, edited by Alison Bashford and Stuart Macintyre, 462-86. Melbourne: Cambridge University Press, 2013.

Schaffer, Kay. “Women and the Bush: Australian National Identity and Representations of the Feminine.” Antipodes 3, no. 1 (1989): 7-13

Schlunke, Katrina. “Incommensurate Suffering: ‘Making’ Women and Children in Massacre.” Australian Feminist Studies 16, no. 34 (March 1, 2001): 61–67.

Scott, Joanne, and Raymond Evans. “The Moulding of Menials: The Making of the Aboriginal Female Domestic Servant in Early Twentieth Century Queensland.” Hecate 22, no. 1 (1996): 140-57.

Silverstein, Ben. “‘Possibly They Did Not Know Themselves’: The Ambivalent Government of Sex and Work in the Northern Territory Aboriginals Ordinance 1918.” History Australia 14, no. 3 (2017): 344-60.

Spencer, Tracy. “Woman Lives as a Lubra in Native Camp’: Representations of ‘Shared Space.’” Journal of Australian Studies 28, no. 82 (January 1, 2004): 61–74.

Stevenson, Ana. “Harriet Clisby’s ‘Sketches of Australia’: Travel Writing and Colonial Refigurations in Boston’s Woman’s Journal.” Women’s History Review 27, no. 5 (2018): 837-57.

Stevenson, Ana. “Imagining Women’s Suffrage: Frontier Landscapes and the Transnational Print Culture of Australia, New Zealand and the United States.” Pacific Historical Review 87, no. 4 (2018): 638-66.

Watson, Lilla. “Sister, Black is the Colour of My Soul.” Different Lives, edited by Jocelynne Scutt. Melbourne: Penguin 1987.

Woollacott, Angela.  “Manly Authority, Employing Non-White Labour, and Frontier Violence 1830s-1860s.” Journal of Australian Colonial History 15 (2013): 23-42.

Woollacott, Angela. “‘All this is the Empire, I told myself”: Australian Women’s Voyages ‘Home’ and the Articulation of Colonial Whiteness.” The American Historical Review 102, no. 4 (1997): 1003-1029.

Woollacott, Angela. “Colonial Origins and Audience Collusion: The Merle Oberon Story in 1930s Australia.” Transnational Lives: Biographies of Global Modernity 1700-present, edited by Desley Deacon, Penny Russell and Angela Woollacott, 96-108. Basingstoke: Palgrave Macmillan, 2010.

Woollacott, Angela. “Colonialism: What Girlhoods Can Tell Us.” Colonial Girlhood in Literature, Culture and History, 1840-1950, edited by Kristine Moruzi and Michelle J. Smith, 15-29. Basingstoke: Palgrave Macmillan, 2014.

Woollacott, Angela. “Creating the White Colonial Woman: Mary Gaunt’s Imperial Adventuring and Australian Cultural History.” Cultural History in Australia, edited by Hsu-Ming Teo and Richard White, 186-200. Sydney: University of New South Wales Press, 2003.

Woollacott, Angela. “Frontier Violence and Settler Manhood.” History Australia 6, No. 1 (2009): 09.1-09.15.

Woollacott, Angela. “Gender and Sexuality.” Australia’s Empire, edited by Deryck Schreuder and Stuart Ward, 312-335. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2008.

Woollacott, Angela. “Inventing Commonwealth and Pan-Pacific Feminisms: Australian Women’s Internationalist Activism in the 1920s-30s.” Gender & History 10, no. 3 (1998): 425-448.

Woollacott, Angela. “Political Manhood, Nonwhite Labour and Settler Colonialism on the 1830s-1840s Australian Frontier.” Rethinking the Racial Moment: Essays on the Colonial Encounter, edited by Barbara Brookes and Alison Holland, 75-96. Newcastle-upon-Tyne: Cambridge Scholars Publishing, 2011.

Woollacott, Angela. “The Colonial Actress: Empire, Modernity and the Exotic in Twentieth-Century London.” In Gender, Labour, War and Empire: Essays on Modern Britain, edited by Philippa Levine and Susan R. Grayzel. Basingstoke: Palgrave Macmillan, 2008.

Woollacott, Angela. “The Colonial Flaneuse: Australian Women Negotiating Turn-of-the-Century London.” Signs: Journal of Women in Culture and Society 25, no. 3 (2000): 761-87.

Woollacott, Angela. “White Colonialism and Sexual Modernity: Australian Women in the Early 20th-Century Metropolis.” Gender, Sexuality and Colonial Modernities, edited by Antoinette Burton, 49-63. London: Routledge, 1999.

Woollacott, Angela. Gender and Empire. Basingstoke: Palgrave Macmillan, 2006.

Woollacott, Angela. Race and the Modern Exotic: Three ‘Australian’ Women on Global Display. Clayton, Vic.: Monash University Publishing, 2011.

Woollacott, Angela. To Try Her Fortune in London: Australian Women, Colonialism, and Modernity. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2001.